ISO/TS 16949 is an ISO Technical Specification, which aligns existing American (QS-9000), German (VDA6.1), French (EAQF) and Italian (AVSQ) automotive quality systems standards within the global automotive industry, with the aim of eliminating the need for multiple certifications to satisfy customer requirements.

Together with ISO 9001, ISO/TS 16949 specifies the quality system requirements for the design/ development, production, installation and servicing of automotive related products. In addition, there are customer specific requirements that are required by individual subscribing vehicle manufacturers.









ISO/TS 16949 overview

ISO/TS 16949 is an ISO Technical Specification, which aligns existing American (QS-9000), German (VDA6.1), French (EAQF) and Italian (AVSQ) automotive quality systems standards within the global automotive industry, with the aim of eliminating the need for multiple certifications to satisfy customer requirements.

Together with ISO 9001, ISO/TS 16949 specifies the quality system requirements for the design/development, production, installation and servicing of automotive related products. In addition, there are customer specific requirements that are required by individual subscribing vehicle manufacturers.

ISO/TS 16949 was developed by The International Automotive Task Force (IATF), in conjunction with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

The IATF consists of an international group of vehicle manufacturers - BMW Group, DaimlerChrysler, Fiat, Ford Motor Company, General Motors Corporation, PSA Peugeot-Citroen, Renault and Volkswagen - plus national trade associations - AIAG (America), VDA (Germany), SMMT (UK), ANFIA (Italy) and FIEV (France).

The document is a common automotive quality system requirements catalog based on ISO 9001, and specific requirements from the automotive sector. This document, coupled with customer-specific requirements defines quality system requirements for use in the automotive supply chain.

The IATF has developed a common registration scheme for supplier 3rd party registration to the ISO/TS 16949. The registration scheme includes third party auditor qualifications and common rules for consistent global registration. Some of the benefits of the IATF registration scheme include:

  • Improved product and process quality
  • Additional confidence for global sourcing
  • Reassignment of supplier resources to quality improvement
  • Common quality system approach in the supply chain for supplier/subcontractor development and consistency
  • Reduction in multiple 3rd party registrations.

Core tools for ISO/TS 16949
There are 5 core tools that are required to effectively implement and audit ISO/TS 16949:

  • Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
  • Measurement System Analysis (MSA)
  • Production Part Approval Process (PPAP)
  • Fundamental Statistical Process Control (SPC)
  • Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP)

The core tools are the building blocks for effectively creating and managing an organisation's quality management system. Eligible suppliers seeking/maintaining certification in ISO/TS 16949 must have an understanding of these core tools to meet OEMs' requirements.